貴貴琳瑯游牧人-院藏清代蒙回藏文物特展

貴貴琳瑯游牧人-院藏清代蒙回藏文物特展
 
時間:2017年3月31日至2018年8月20日
地點: 國立故宮博物院北部院區303陳列室
詳細活動網址連結 http://theme.npm.edu.tw/exh106/SplendidAccessories/ch/index.html


貴貴琳瑯游牧人:院藏清代蒙回藏文物特展簡介
蒙古、回部與西藏位在亞洲內陸,多為高原和盆地的地形,緯度高、地勢高,氣候寒冷,雨量不穩定,除了河谷、綠洲之外,以游牧經濟為主,其住民多元,蒙古族、維吾爾族及藏族佔多數,在地理、宗教與歷史上,均與以農業經濟為主的漢族有很大的差異,形成特有的游牧文化與藝術。
十七世紀起於中國東北的滿族逐步向西及向南擴張,建立大清王朝。作為王朝的統治者,滿族從未改變成為北方草原民族共同盟主的企圖,並積極掌控西南方青藏高原的藏族。除了軍隊戍守和行政治理之外,清王朝並透過婚姻、宗教和年班等手法,深入統治,維繫人心,鞏固政權。
本展覽以清朝宮廷與蒙古、回部、西藏諸藩部之間往來互動的相關文物為中心,從人類學與物質文化的角度出發,一方面闡釋蒙回藏游牧文化的特質,同時解析文物本身的藝術特色及其所傳達的文化內涵。

Splendid Accessories of Nomadic Peoples: Mongolian, Muslim, and Tibetan Artifacts of the Qing Dynasty from the Museum Collection
The Mongolian, Tibetan, and western Muslim territories of China are located in the central part of the Eurasian continent and geographically consist mostly of plateaus and basins. With its northern latitude and high terrain, the cold climate of the area yields unpredictable rainfall. Except for settlements along river valleys and oases, a nomadic economy has traditionally governed the way of life there. The inhabitants of this region are ethnically diverse as well, being mostly comprised of Mongolian, Uyghur, and Tibetan peoples. In terms of geography, religion, and history, their lifestyle therefore differs greatly from that of the Han Chinese with their agriculture-based economy, highlighting the unique art and culture of these nomadic groups.
Starting from the seventeenth century, the Manchu people in China’s northeast expanded their territorial control west and south to establish the “Great Qing Empire.” As dynastic rulers, the Manchu never gave up their ambition of playing a dominating role among tribes on the northern steppes, at the same time actively maintaining control of Tibetan peoples in the Kham-Tibetan plateau of the southwest. In addition to military conquest and political rule, the Qing dynasty also used marital alliances, religious beliefs, and tributary relations to extend and maintain its governance, hold various peoples together, and consolidate its authority.
This special exhibition focuses on artifacts related to imperial authority of the Qing dynasty and its interaction with Mongolian, Muslim, and Tibetan peoples. From the perspectives of material culture and anthropology, it explains the features of these groups and, at the same time, the unique characteristics and cultural contents of their art forms.